|COMMON NAME||BLACK PEPPER|
|Latin Name||Piper nigrum|
|Country of Origin||Brazil, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Madagascar|
|Extraction||Steam distilled from the unripe berries|
|Colour||golden to pale yellow|
|Aroma||hot, spicy, earthy, sharp, stimulating,|
|Caution||Strong! Hot and stimulating. Do not use during pregnancy. May cause irritation to skin, do not use with severe inflammation present. May irritate sensitive skin
|Primary Uses||Digestion: Digestive stimulant, colic, constipation, diarrhoea, nausea, dysentery, dyspepsia, flatulence, heartburn, indigestion, loss of appetite, food poisoning, gas, loss of appetite, vomiting, Respiratory: bronchitis, laryngitis, catarrh, colds, flu, fever,
Stimulates: pancreas, liver, circulation, vascular tonic
Pain relief: Wind, cold conditions; cold limbs poor circulation, stimulating and warming. Aches and pains, anaemia, arthritis, catarrh, chills, toothache, vertigo, vomiting, neuralgia, rheumatism, backache, cellulite, stiffness, helps sore muscles.
|Properties||analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anticatarrhal, antibacterial- (E. Coli, streptococcus, L. plantaru,) antimicrobial, aperitif, diuretic, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacients, stomachic, warming,
Stimulant: circulatory digestive & nervous
|Peppercorns||Pepper is the most commonly used spice in the world. It is one of the five noble spices along with cinnamon, nutmeg, clove and ginger.
Pepper is the earliest known spice recorded in India 4,000 years ago. The Latin Genus word Piper comes from the Sanskrit “pippali.”
It has been used both as a medicinal plant and a culinary spice for centuries and was the first spice introduced to the Europeans. It has been worth its weight in gold and being an article of commerce it has launched exploration and colonization attempts by the Europeans.
Pepper was so important in trade that “Attila the Hun” is reputed to have demanded 3,000 pounds of Pepper as part of the ransom for the city of Rome. Roman legions dispatched expeditions to find the plants, which Arab spice dealers held in secrecy.